PAT Testing for Landlords — 14 Comments

  1. If an electric oven in a rented property fails a PATs test but is working fine does that automatically mean it is dangerous and should be replaced?

    • Hi Carol,

      Thank you for your comment. A PAT Test cannot be carried out on an Oven unless it has a 13A plug fitted. A cooker usually runs at 40A. If an appliance in Rented Property has failed the PAT test then is should be removed from the premises and replaced as it is the Landlords duty of care to ensure that all electrical appliances supplied in a rental are safe to use. Best Wishes – Andrew.

  2. I am renovating a house to become a holiday rental. All electrics are being replaced and all equipment is brand new. Do I need to have the equipment pat tested before I start renting out?

    • Hi Carol, I would recommend that you have any new equipment that is supplied by you and placed in the property, PAT testing. As a landlord you may need the provide the relevant certification should any problems arise with the equipment, this would prove that you have been responsible and the equipment was safe at the time of testing.

    • PAT Testing is not law it is as previously stated however “Any landlord who lets residential accommodation which includes flats, apartments, houses, holiday homes, boats and caravans as a business activity is required by law to ensure the electrical appliances they supply as part of the tenancy are safe and has at least the CE marking (which is the manufacturer’s claim that it meets all the requirements of European law). The only way in which this can be done is by carrying out a Portable Appliance test.” Andrew.

  3. What are the recognised inspection intervals for PAT testing different types of household electrical equipment.
    For instance I have seen statements stating:
    Refrigerators, Washing Machine’s only need to be done every 4 years. Where as table lamps which are more portable are more frequent. It would be good if there was some guidelines on the approved interval for household appliances.
    Can you help?

    • Hi Ken, Thank you for your query. There is no current legislation that covers PAT testing for domestic use. However, if you are talking from a landlords perspective then you do have a duty of care towards your tenants. PAT testing intervals will depend largely on use. A domestic property is not classed as a high traffic environment and so to err on the side of caution I would suggest an initial test, followed by an annual review where you can then assess the condition of the appliances to decide the future schedule. For Landlords, we recommend annual testing. I hope that answers your query. Best wishes Andrew Mitchell.

  4. Thanks for your reply, that’s what I currently do, a 12 monthly check. Issue I’m concerned about is pulling the washing machine out to do the PAT .

    Kind Regards

    • Hi Peter,

      Technically no, new appliances do not need to be immediately PAT Tested. However, they do no stay “new” for long. Depending on the frequency of use and the environment the item is used in, will determine when the item should enter your PAT Testing cycle. For example, rented accommodation and commercial or public premises etc all have a “Duty of Care” to protect those working or living in the premises and so will require a regular PAT Testing schedule of all portable appliances. I hope this answer helps. If you require further advice please feel free to come back to me. Andrew Mitchell.

  5. My rental property has a 30mA RCD fitted at the consumer unit, which protects users of portable appliances plugged into the ring main from electric shock. Why is it neccessary to additionally PAT test appliances?

    • Where a landlord provides an electrical appliance as part of a tenancy it is their responsibility to ensure the appliances are safe at the start of every tenancy, the law also expects the appliance will be maintained in a safe condition that will not cause harm to the tenant. Failure to do so could lead to the landlord being sued for negligence. A testing regime is therefore essential and does provide an extra layer of reassurance as it provides an audit trail should anything go disastrously wrong.
      The RCD only protects the circuits not the appliance, however although not compulsory there is no legal obligation (at the moment) for private landlords to carry out PAT testing on electrical appliances in the property but it is deemed “best practice”. Regards Andrew Mitchell.

      • Many thanks for the reply, the RCD is designed to protect the user from harm and not just the circuit / appliance. A figure of 30mA is chosen to remove power from the circuit because at this level of trip current the user will not be harmed. The integrity of the wiring, including the functionality of the RCD, is checked by a qualified electrician on a regular basis. I do PAT test on a ‘belt and braces’ basis but see it very much as money making overkill when a 30mA RCD is fitted.

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